ESTADÍSTICAS MUNDIALES


CASOS DE PERSONAS VIVIENDO CON VIH/SIDA EN EL MUNDO

País

Personas que vivían con el VIH/SIDA, final de 1999
Adultos y niños

Porcentaje mundial de PVVIH/SIDA, final de 1999

Población total a fines de 1999

Incidencia

PN *

PI *

Total mundial

34,016,536

 

5,958,865,000

0.570856%

 

 

África subsahariana

24,448,700

71.8730%

596,272,200

4.100258%

 

 

Angola

160,000

0.4704%

12,497,000

1.280307%

27

34

Benin

70,000

0.2058%

5,945,000

1.177460%

39

38

Botswana

290,000

0.8525%

1,592,000

18.216080%

23

1

Burkina Faso

350,000

1.0289%

11,633,000

3.008682%

21

20

Burundi

360,000

1.0583%

6,587,000

5.465310%

20

14

Camerún

540,000

1.5875%

14,704,000

3.672470%

16

19

Chad

92,000

0.2705%

7,462,000

1.232913%

33

36

Comoras

0

0.0000%

676,000

0.000000%

99

136

Congo

86,000

0.2528%

2,867,000

2.999651%

34

21

Côte d'Ivoire

760,000

2.2342%

14,534,000

5.229118%

14

15

Djibouti

37,000

0.1088%

631,000

5.863708%

49

12

Eritrea

0

0.0000%

3,717,000

0.000000%

99

136

Etiopía

3,000,000

8.8192%

61,123,000

4.908136%

3

16

Gabón

23,000

0.0676%

1,196,000

1.923077%

55

28

Gambia

13,000

0.0382%

1,266,000

1.026856%

61

40

Ghana

340,000

0.9995%

19,699,000

1.725976%

22

30

Guinea

55,000

0.1617%

7,375,000

0.745763%

44

46

Guinea Ecuatorial

1,100

0.0032%

442,000

0.248869%

93

64

Guinea-Bissau

14,000

0.0412%

1,188,000

1.178451%

60

37

Kenya

2,100,000

6.1735%

29,507,000

7.116955%

5

9

Lesotho

240,000

0.7055%

2,108,000

11.385199%

24

4

Liberia

39,000

0.1147%

2,941,000

1.326080%

48

33

Madagascar

11,000

0.0323%

15,502,000

0.070959%

63

91

Malawi

800,000

2.3518%

10,674,000

7.494847%

13

8

Malí

100,000

0.2940%

10,976,000

0.911079%

31

43

Mauricio

0

0.0000%

1,149,000

0.000000%

99

136

Mauritania

6,600

0.0194%

2,602,000

0.253651%

73

63

Mozambique

1,200,000

3.5277%

19,222,000

6.242847%

8

11

Namibia

160,000

0.4704%

1,689,000

9.473061%

27

7

Níger

64,000

0.1881%

10,414,000

0.614557%

41

50

Nigeria

2,700,000

7.9373%

108,995,000

2.477178%

4

24

Rep. Centroafricana

240,000

0.7055%

3,550,000

6.760563%

24

10

Rep. Dem. del Congo

1,100,000

3.2337%

50,407,000

2.182237%

9

26

Rep. Unida de Tanzanía

1,300,000

3.8217%

32,799,000

3.963535%

7

17

Reunión

0

0.0000%

690,000

0.000000%

99

136

Rwanda

400,000

1.1759%

7,238,000

5.526389%

19

13

Senegal

79,000

0.2322%

9,251,000

0.853962%

35

44

Sierra Leona

68,000

0.1999%

4,721,000

1.440373%

40

32

Somalia

0

0.0000%

9,718,000

0.000000%

99

136

Sudáfrica

4,200,000

12.3469%

39,796,000

10.553825%

1

5

Swazilandia

130,000

0.3822%

981,000

13.251784%

29

2

Togo

130,000

0.3822%

4,515,000

2.879291%

29

22

Uganda

820,000

2.4106%

21,209,000

3.866283%

12

18

Zambia

870,000

2.5576%

8,974,000

9.694674%

10

6

Zimbabwe

1,500,000

4.4096%

11,509,000

13.033278%

6

3

Asia oriental/Pacífico

521,898

1.5342%

1,477,678,400

0.035319%

 

 

China

500,000

1.4699%

1,266,150,000

0.039490%

18

101

Hong Kong R.A.E.

2,500

0.0073%

6,786,000

0.036841%

84

104

Fiji

0

0.0000%

807,000

0.000000%

99

136

Japón

10,000

0.0294%

126,466,000

0.007907%

64

124

Mongolia

99

0.0003%

2,620,000

0.003779%

98

130

Papua Nueva Guinea

5,400

0.0159%

4,706,000

0.114747%

75

78

Rep. de Corea

3,800

0.0112%

46,465,000

0.008178%

81

123

Rep. Pop. Dem. de Corea

99

0.0003%

23,679,000

0.000418%

98

134

Australia y Nueva Zelandia

15,200

0.0447%

22,521,800

0.067490%

 

 

Australia

14,000

0.0412%

18,698,000

0.074874%

60

89

Nueva Zelandia

1,200

0.0035%

3,824,000

0.031381%

92

108

Asia meridional/sudoriental

5,568,098

16.3688%

1,920,325,800

0.289956%

 

 

Afganistán

0

0.0000%

22,109,000

0.000000%

99

136

Bangladesh

13,000

0.0382%

127,047,000

0.010232%

61

120

Bhután

99

0.0003%

2,069,000

0.004785%

98

129

Brunei Darussalam

99

0.0003%

321,000

0.030841%

98

110

Camboya

220,000

0.6467%

10,931,000

2.012625%

25

27

Filipinas

28,000

0.0823%

74,444,000

0.037612%

53

103

India

3,700,000

10.8771%

997,663,000

0.370867%

2

54

Indonesia

52,000

0.1529%

209,178,000

0.024859%

45

112

Irán (Rep. Islamica del)

0

0.0000%

66,626,000

0.000000%

99

136

Malasia

49,000

0.1440%

21,817,000

0.224595%

46

66

Maldivas

0

0.0000%

279,000

0.000000%

99

136

Myanmar

530,000

1.5581%

45,064,000

1.176105%

17

39

Nepal

34,000

0.1000%

23,398,000

0.145312%

51

75

Pakistán

74,000

0.2175%

152,435,000

0.048545%

36

98

Rep. Dem. Popular Lao

1,400

0.0041%

5,301,000

0.026410%

90

111

Singapur

4,000

0.0118%

3,518,000

0.113701%

80

79

Sri Lanka

7,500

0.0220%

18,646,000

0.040223%

70

100

Tailandia

755,000

2.2195%

60,841,000

1.240939%

15

35

Viet Nam

100,000

0.2940%

78,639,000

0.127163%

31

77

Europa oriental/Asia central

408,591

1.2012%

391,537,400

0.104356%

 

 

Armenia

499

0.0015%

3,531,000

0.014132%

94

118

Azerbaiyán

499

0.0015%

7,700,000

0.006481%

94

127

Belarús

14,000

0.0412%

10,267,000

0.136359%

60

76

Bosnia y Herzegovina

0

0.0000%

3,861,000

0.000000%

99

136

Bulgaria

0

0.0000%

8,280,000

0.000000%

99

136

Croacia

350

0.0010%

4,477,000

0.007818%

96

125

Eslovaquia

400

0.0012%

5,381,000

0.007434%

95

126

Estonia

499

0.0015%

1,414,000

0.035290%

94

106

Federación de Rusia

130,000

0.3822%

147,167,000

0.088335%

29

85

Georgia

499

0.0015%

5,024,000

0.009932%

94

122

Hungría

2,500

0.0073%

10,074,000

0.024816%

84

113

Kazajstán

3,500

0.0103%

16,280,000

0.021499%

82

114

Kirguistán

99

0.0003%

4,673,000

0.002119%

98

132

Letonia

1,250

0.0037%

2,393,000

0.052236%

91

95

Lituania

499

0.0015%

3,681,000

0.013556%

94

119

Polonia

0

0.0000%

38,734,000

0.000000%

99

136

Rep. Checa

2,200

0.0065%

10,260,000

0.021442%

86

115

Rep. de Moldova

4,500

0.0132%

4,379,000

0.102763%

77

81

Rumania

7,000

0.0206%

22,408,000

0.031239%

71

109

Tayikistán

99

0.0003%

6,100,000

0.001623%

98

133

Turkmenistán

99

0.0003%

4,383,000

0.002259%

98

131

Ucrania

240,000

0.7055%

50,651,000

0.473831%

24

52

Uzbekistán

99

0.0003%

23,950,000

0.000413%

98

135

Europa occidental

518,399

1.5240%

401,691,000

0.129054%

 

 

Albania

0

0.0000%

3,126,000

0.000000%

99

136

Alemania

37,000

0.1088%

82,108,000

0.045063%

49

99

Austria

9,000

0.0265%

8,169,000

0.110173%

66

80

Bélgica

7,700

0.0226%

10,146,000

0.075892%

69

87

Dinamarca

4,300

0.0126%

5,279,000

0.081455%

78

86

Eslovenia

200

0.0006%

1,987,000

0.010065%

97

121

España

120,000

0.3528%

39,634,000

0.302770%

30

61

Ex Rep. Y. de Macedonia

99

0.0003%

2,012,000

0.004920%

98

128

Finlandia

1,100

0.0032%

5,162,000

0.021310%

93

116

Francia

130,000

0.3822%

58,868,000

0.220833%

29

67

Grecia

8,000

0.0235%

10,614,000

0.075372%

67

88

Irlanda

2,200

0.0065%

3,706,000

0.059363%

86

92

Islandia

200

0.0006%

278,000

0.071942%

97

90

Italia

95,000

0.2793%

57,306,000

0.165777%

32

71

Luxemburgo

0

0.0000%

426,000

0.000000%

99

136

Malta

0

0.0000%

386,000

0.000000%

99

136

Noruega

1,600

0.0047%

4,442,000

0.036020%

89

105

Países Bajos

15,000

0.0441%

15,721,000

0.095414%

59

84

Portugal

36,000

0.1058%

9,871,000

0.364705%

50

55

Reino Unido

31,000

0.0911%

58,726,000

0.052788%

52

94

Suecia

3,000

0.0088%

8,888,000

0.033753%

83

107

Suiza

17,000

0.0500%

7,337,000

0.231702%

58

65

Yugoslavia

0

0.0000%

10,625,000

0.000000%

99

136

África Norte/Oriente Medio

2,800

0.0082%

336,496,000

0.000832%

 

 

Arabia Saudita

0

0.0000%

20,936,000

0.000000%

99

136

Argelia

0

0.0000%

30,788,000

0.000000%

99

136

Bahrein

0

0.0000%

605,000

0.000000%

99

136

Chipre

400

0.0012%

778,000

0.051414%

95

97

Egipto

0

0.0000%

67,232,000

0.000000%

99

136

Emiratos Árabes Unidos

0

0.0000%

2,395,000

0.000000%

99

136

Iraq

0

0.0000%

22,511,000

0.000000%

99

136

Israel

2,400

0.0071%

6,087,000

0.039428%

85

102

Jamahiriya Árabe Libia

0

0.0000%

5,477,000

0.000000%

99

136

Jordania

0

0.0000%

6,482,000

0.000000%

99

136

Kuwait

0

0.0000%

1,916,000

0.000000%

99

136

Líbano

0

0.0000%

3,227,000

0.000000%

99

136

Marruecos

0

0.0000%

27,874,000

0.000000%

99

136

Omán

0

0.0000%

2,465,000

0.000000%

99

136

Qatar

0

0.0000%

589,000

0.000000%

99

136

República Árabe Siria

0

0.0000%

15,740,000

0.000000%

99

136

Sudán

0

0.0000%

28,915,000

0.000000%

99

136

Túnez

0

0.0000%

9,457,000

0.000000%

99

136

Turquía

0

0.0000%

65,528,000

0.000000%

99

136

Yemen

0

0.0000%

17,494,000

0.000000%

99

136

América del Norte

899,000

2.6428%

306,930,600

0.292900%

 

 

Canadá

49,000

0.1440%

30,841,000

0.158879%

46

72

Estados Unidos de América

850,000

2.4988%

276,090,000

0.307871%

11

59

Caribe

368,350

1.0829%

32,023,600

1.150245%

 

 

Bahamas

6,900

0.0203%

302,000

2.284768%

72

25

Barbados

1,800

0.0053%

269,000

0.669145%

88

48

Cuba

1,950

0.0057%

11,154,000

0.017483%

87

117

Haití

210,000

0.6173%

8,090,000

2.595797%

26

23

Jamaica

9,900

0.0291%

2,561,000

0.386568%

65

53

República Dominicana

130,000

0.3822%

8,361,000

1.554838%

29

31

Trinidad y Tabago

7,800

0.0229%

1,288,000

0.605590%

68

51

América Latina

1,265,500

3.7202%

473,388,200

0.267328%

 

 

Argentina

130,000

0.3822%

36,579,000

0.355395%

29

56

Belice

2,400

0.0071%

235,000

1.021277%

85

41

Bolivia

4,200

0.0123%

8,146,000

0.051559%

79

96

Brasil

540,000

1.5875%

167,961,000

0.321503%

16

58

Chile

15,000

0.0441%

15,011,000

0.099927%

59

82

Colombia

71,000

0.2087%

41,565,000

0.170817%

38

70

Costa Rica

12,000

0.0353%

3,929,000

0.305421%

62

60

Ecuador

19,000

0.0559%

12,409,000

0.153115%

57

74

El Salvador

20,000

0.0588%

6,155,000

0.324939%

56

57

Guatemala

73,000

0.2146%

11,103,000

0.657480%

37

49

Guyana

15,000

0.0441%

855,000

1.754386%

59

29

Honduras

63,000

0.1852%

6,319,000

0.996993%

42

42

México

150,000

0.4410%

97,334,000

0.154109%

28

73

Nicaragua

4,900

0.0144%

4,944,000

0.099110%

76

83

Panamá

24,000

0.0706%

2,811,000

0.853789%

54

45

Paraguay

3,000

0.0088%

5,362,000

0.055949%

83

93

Perú

48,000

0.1411%

25,236,000

0.190204%

47

68

Suriname

3,000

0.0088%

415,000

0.722892%

83

47

Uruguay

6,000

0.0176%

3,313,000

0.181105%

74

69

Venezuela

62,000

0.1823%

23,705,000

0.261548%

43

62

* PN = Posición por número de personas; PI = Posición por incidencia.

Datos tomados del reporte de casos mundiales de VIH/SIDA,
publicados en
Internet por ONUSIDA.

La interpretación de los datos estadísticos debe tomarse con las debidas reservas, considerando que no todos los países reportan con la misma oportunidad y que incluso de otros no existen reportes o datos suficientes que permitan asegurar la veracidad de los cálculos, como en el caso de Europa Oriental.



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